The events of May 1945 concerning Bleiburg are still subject to much debate. Some view this episode as the moment when the Croat people experienced its most brutal suffering, in what was the darkest chapter of its history. Others see it as an excessive use of force in the vengeful onslaught of the victorious side, which was a common occurrence in liberated Europe during those days of 1945. An extrajudicial punishment, a crime, or justice? Who were all those people who perished in the mass killings that ensued when the army of the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH) surrendered at Bleiburg? What really transpired during those days and weeks of May 1945?

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