Goli Otok was the site of a prison camp for political prisoners, which remained in operation for six years, from 1949 to 1956.

The camp was established with the intent to isolate and ‘re-educate’ those individuals suspected of possibly siding with the USSR in a potential conflict between Yugoslavia and the USSR, offering support to the USSR, and participating in the possible toppling of the Yugoslav government. Goli Otok was considered a camp for Ibeovci (‘IBers’ or ‘Cominformers’, supporters of the Cominform), but turned into a camp for imprisoning anyone who was opportunistically branded as an Ibeovac

There were separate camps for men and women. The Yugoslav public had no knowledge of the camps, while the inmates, once released, were forbidden from speaking about their existence.

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